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Electoral College Map: How Many Electoral College Votes Does Each State Have?

Who will win the Electoral College? That is the question.

Tuesday night, or hopefully early Wednesday morning at the latest, we will know whether Barack Obama will serve another four years in the Oval Office, or whether Mitt Romney will become the 45th president of the United States. Fueling the media circus surrounding this once-in-every-four-years event is the fact that the latest presidential polls indicate that this may be one of the closest presidential races in U.S. history. Just about every poll shows the two candidates in a statistical dead heat. On Sunday, the Real Clear Politics aggregate of polls has Obama leading Romney by 0.4%

But each man has to win the Electoral College.

The Electoral College is the institution that officially elects the president and vice president every four years. The electors are chosen by each state of the United States and by the District of Columbia, but not by other territorial possessions of the United States (such as Puerto Rico). The number of electors is 538, based on the total voting membership of the United States Congress (435 Representatives and 100 Senators) and three electors from the District of Columbia. Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the Constitution specifies the number of electors to which each state is entitled and state legislatures decide how they are chosen.

To win the Electoral College, a candidate has to pass the 270 mark ... the magic number.

So how many Electoral College votes does each state have? The following quantities are applicable to the elections of 2012, 2016 and 2020: 

California - 55 
Texas - 38 
New York - 29 
Florida - 29 
Illinois - 20 
Pennsylvania - 20 
Ohio - 18 
Michigan - 16 
Georgia - 16 
North Carolina - 15 
New Jersey - 14 
Virginia - 13 
Washington - 12 
Massachusetts - 11 
Indiana - 11 
Tennessee - 11 
Arizona - 11 
Missouri - 10 
Maryland - 10 
Minnesota - 10 
Wisconsin - 10 
Alabama - 9 
Colorado - 9 
South Carolina - 9 
Louisiana - 8 
Kentucky - 8 
Connecticut - 7 
Oklahoma - 7 
Oregon - 7 
Iowa - 6 
Arkansas - 6 
Kansas - 6 
Mississippi - 6 
Nevada - 6 
Utah - 6 
Nebraska - 5 
New Mexico - 5 
West Virginia - 5 
Hawaii - 4 
Idaho - 4 
Maine - 4 
New Hampshire - 4 
Rhode Island - 4 
Alaska - 3 
Delaware - 3 
District Of Columbia - 3 
Montana - 3 
North Dakota - 3 
South Dakota - 3 
Vermont - 3 
Wyoming - 3 

mean - 10.5 
median - 8 
mode - 3 
Note: the top 11 states have a controlling majority.

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