9 Stunning Comparisons Show How Massive the Universe Really Is

9 Stunning Comparisons Show How Massive the Universe Really Is

The scale of the universe is almost beyond our imagination.

The universe keeps expanding (at 42.5 miles per second per megaparsec), and we constantly form new hypotheses about how it was created and what will happen next. Our farthest space probe from Earth, the Voyager 1, is traveling a million miles a day, and after nearly 40 years, has barely left our solar system. It was only late last month that scientists peered 50 million light-years away to find an extremely rare globular cluster, with far more mass than the Sun, that could birth stars and help explain how galaxies form. There are so many secrets waiting to be unlocked out there in the vastness of space.

Here are some shocking comparisons about the size and scope of the universe that help put it in perspective.

1. About 500,000 people are born or die in a single day. In that same time, 275 million stars in the observable universe begin or end.


Star forming pillars in the Eagle Nebula, as seen by the Hubble Space Telescope's WFPC2.
Source: NASA, Jeff Hester, and Paul Scowen

2. If you flew around the world in a commercial airliner, at 550 mph, and didn't need to stop for fuel, it would take less than two days. If you could fly the same plane to the Sun, it would take more than 19 years


The planet Venus passes before the sun, a very rarely-seen event, on June 5, 2012 near Orange, California. The transit of Venus involves the planet Venus crossing in front of the sun.
Source: David McNew/Getty Images

3. It takes one year for the Earth to rotate the Sun. It takes 225 million years for the Sun to rotate the Milky Way galaxy.


Painting of Milky Way galaxy used as background for diagram of Kepler Mission search space.
Source: Jon Lomberg/NASA

4. When people take a trip to the country and look up into the vibrant night sky, at most, they see 2,500 stars. There are 80 million times more than that in the Milky Way, beyond human sight.


A photo of the Milky Way taken at the La Silla Observatory.
Source: ESO/H. Dahle

5. There are about 7.2 billion people on Earth. That means there are nearly 28 times more stars in our galaxy than there are people.


Stars in Southern Hemisphere night sky, in constellation of Centaurus.
Source: Getty Images

6. There are more than 1 billion cars on planet Earth. For every one car, there are probably 200 galaxies in the observable universe.

Each light speck is a galaxy, assembled by combining 10 years of NASA Hubble Space Telescope photographs.
Source: NASA

7. The Sun is more than 330,000 times the mass of Earth. The supermassive black hole that's at the center of our galaxy, Sagittarius A, is about 4 million times the mass of the Sun.

The center of the Milky Way galaxy, with the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), located in the middle, is revealed in these images.
Source: NASA

8. Mount Everest is massive. There's a mountain three times as tall on Mars.


A computer-generated view of Olympus Mons. 
Source: NASA/MOLA Science Team/ O. de Goursac, Adrian Lark

9. We have only ever experienced one planet. There are 40 billion Earth-sized planets out there that could sustain human life.


Artist's concept of a rocky Earth-sized exoplanet in the habitable zone of its host star, possibly compatible with Kepler-186f's known data.
Source: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech