NATO Article 5: Here’s What to Know About Collective Defense Clause After Paris Attacks

NATO Article 5: Here’s What to Know About Collective Defense Clause After Paris Attacks
Source: Getty Images
Source: Getty Images

In the wake of the deadly ISIS-organized attacks in Paris on Friday, France could invoke NATO's Article Five, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's collective defense clause, according to the International Business Times

The article affirms that any foreign attack on a NATO member stands as an attack on all of the organization's member states and is cause to collectively mobilize defense efforts. 

Article Five, an action agreed upon in the Washington Treaty, reads:

The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defence recognised by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area.

Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall immediately be reported to the Security Council. Such measures shall be terminated when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security.

The collective action has only been called on once before, according to NATO, in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks that shook America in 2001.

Writing for Foreign Policy James Stavridis, the former commander of NATO in Europe, argued in favor of invoking Article Five and called the Islamic State group "an apocalyptic organization overdue for eradication."

"The fundamental purpose of a NATO mission should be to defeat the Islamic state in Syria and destroy the infrastructure it has created there,"  Stavridis wrote. "Such a mission would have the additional benefit of demonstrating that NATO is willing to act decisively when it is under threat."

On Saturday, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg expressed NATO's solidarity with France. "We stand strong and united in the fight against terrorism," Stoltenberg said. "Terrorism will never defeat democracy."

Flags at half mast at NATO in Brussels
Source: 
Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

How much do you trust the information in this article?

Liz Rowley

Liz is a staff writer at Mic, covering breaking news. She is based in New York and can be reached at lrowley@mic.com.

MORE FROM

In the shadow of Brooklyn’s luxury apartments, “canners” form a tight-knit community

For many lower income people in New York City, canning can be a safe and legal way to earn a living.

A Steve Bannon propagandist is turning the alt-right’s antihero Based Stick Man into a comic book

"We’re never going to change the culture from Washington. We’re going to do it from comics, from movies.”

NBC News chief wanted to dial back MSNBC's liberal identity. Then Trump got elected.

Some insiders say MSNBC is having an identity crisis — but the channel is having its best ratings year ever.

What is the Senate parliamentarian? Lately, she’s been Mitch McConnell’s nemesis.

And does the GOP have to follow her rulings?

In the shadow of Brooklyn’s luxury apartments, “canners” form a tight-knit community

For many lower income people in New York City, canning can be a safe and legal way to earn a living.

A Steve Bannon propagandist is turning the alt-right’s antihero Based Stick Man into a comic book

"We’re never going to change the culture from Washington. We’re going to do it from comics, from movies.”

NBC News chief wanted to dial back MSNBC's liberal identity. Then Trump got elected.

Some insiders say MSNBC is having an identity crisis — but the channel is having its best ratings year ever.

What is the Senate parliamentarian? Lately, she’s been Mitch McConnell’s nemesis.

And does the GOP have to follow her rulings?