But for NASA to make its most giant leap yet toward the final frontier, agency astronauts are going to require an updated rocket unlike anything it has previously produced.
Here's what that might look like.
Enter the Space Launch System, NASA's new megarocket that's all but straight out of Star Wars. "NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) will be the most powerful rocket in history for deep-space missions, including to an asteroid and ultimately to Mars," the agency said on its website. "The Space Launch System has the capability to launch payloads such as telescopes, rovers and planetary probes on dedicated science missions."
The rocket is built to a scale never before seen in NASA. Though it is slightly smaller than the Cold War-era Saturn 5, it still comes in at 323 feet — taller than the Statue of Liberty. The SLS is also expected to produce 13% more thrust at the time of launch than previous rockets and more essentially will be able to carry 70 tons of cargo, compared to only 22 tons for NASA's traditional space shuttle.
It's all spelled out in this nifty NASA infographic.
On a NASA Flickr account, more specific details about the SLS were released and were included among 253 arresting images and photographs. For example, the booster, known as QM-1, weighs 1.6 million pounds; all its contents will burn in just two minutes. That breaks down to 5.5 tons of propellant expelled every second — in layman's terms, that's a lot of blow.
SLS's first launch, set for 2018, won't be a mission to Mars just yet, but rather will concern itself with data-gathering expeditions involving what Florida Today described as "13 roughly shoe box-sized CubeSats," that are expected to "hitch deep space rides near the moon." The shoe box bots are expected to mine moon data on everything from space radiation to lunar ice spots. The agency even issued an open call to ordinary Americans called the Cube Quest Challenge to submit ideas for what deep space phenomena is worthy of exploration.
So while it's not quite hyperdrive on the Millennium Falcon — the human race has to start somewhere.
Correction: Feb. 10, 2016
An earlier version of this article stated that NASA has sent women to the moon. All 12 astronauts who have walked on the moon's surface were men.