Which states could legalize marijuana in 2016? A guide to the states voting on legal weed.

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The number of states that have legalized marijuana could double come November, when voters in five more states will vote on legal weed. 

Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, Washington and the District of Columbia already allow recreational marijuana use. In those four states, marijuana can be grown and sold. In D.C., sale is still illegal

On November 8, Arizona, California, Maine, Massachusetts and Nevada will vote on whether to legalize recreational marijuana use. All five states already allow medical marijuana. Legalization in California alone would open the world's largest medical marijuana market of 40 million people to sales of legal weed. And a "yes" vote in Maine or Massachusetts would move recreational marijuana from the West to the East Coast. 

Supporters of legal weed in each state have their own strategy to win the election in November.

Arizona

In this southwestern swing state, legalization proponents say they will generate tens of millions of dollars each year for schools while keeping money out of the hands of drug cartels. There were more than 16,000 marijuana-related arrests in 2015 in the border state. A "yes" vote on Proposition 205 would legalize use and possession of marijuana. The proposition's supporters say they will "regulate marijuana like alcohol." 

J.P. Holyoak, chairman of Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol in Arizona, speaks at a press conference after delivering boxes of signatures to put marijuana legalization on the November ballot.Source: Matt York/AP
J.P. Holyoak, chairman of Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol in Arizona, speaks at a press conference after delivering boxes of signatures to put marijuana legalization on the November ballot.  Matt York/AP

California

The Golden State has been here before. With the world's sixth largest economy, marijuana entrepreneurs have long eyed an expansion in California. The state legalized medical marijuana two decades ago and now has the world's largest market for medical weed. This year's legalization push could generate $1 billion in new annual tax revenue. 

In 2010, voters struck down a ballot measure that would have legalized marijuana in California — two years before America's first legalization in Colorado and Washington. But six years and four states with legal weed later, polling shows California is poised to legalize marijuana. 

Supporters of marijuana legalization in California, through the Adult Use of Marijuana Act, at a press conference. Source: Jeff Chiu/AP
Supporters of marijuana legalization in California, through the Adult Use of Marijuana Act, at a press conference.  Jeff Chiu/AP

Maine

One of two northeastern states that could legalize marijuana, Maine's largest city already allows recreational marijuana — at least symbolically. In 2013, Portland residents voted to legalize marijuana. While the move did not override state or federal law, it was a step toward a vote this fall on legalization. 

Maine has been at the forefront of relaxing restrictions on marijuana. It was among the first states to decriminalize weed and allow medical marijuana. 

A former U.S. Marine holds marijuana he smokes for pain relief at his home in Maine in this 2014 photo.Source: Robert F. Bukaty/AP
A former U.S. Marine holds marijuana he smokes for pain relief at his home in Maine in this 2014 photo.  Robert F. Bukaty/AP

Massachusetts

Unlike its northern neighbor, Massachusetts has been late to decriminalization and medical use of marijuana. More than half of voters recently said they were opposed to legalization. But a victory for marijuana proponents would bring legal weed to an east coast state of 6.8 million people. 

A man holds a bag of medical marijuana-infused cookies in 2014 in Massachusetts.Source: Michael Dwyer/AP
A man holds a bag of medical marijuana-infused cookies in 2014 in Massachusetts.  Michael Dwyer/AP

Nevada

In a state where prostitution and gambling are legal, marijuana remains against the law — at least for a few more months. If Nevadans vote to legalize marijuana, and voters in Arizona and California follow suit, nearly half of western states could find themselves weed-friendly.