The discourse surrounding rape culture and the pervading attitudes of victim blaming are reaching an all-time epoch with each new shared and re-shared story on a new rape case making its rounds on social media platforms. These cases include most recently the Delhi gang rape case, the Steubenville High School football case, and the Rehtaeh Parsons story, all of which have churned our stomachs, broadened our vernacular around synonyms of "deplorable," and made us shout "why?!"
Why — we are asked in pictures and Tweets and statuses — are we centering our awareness and education on rape around "not getting raped" as opposed to "don’t rape"? It is a timely question, a highly relevant one, and in many ways the correct one, but one that is far too implicit about the root of the problem and circuitous in its blame.
Thus, I will come out and say it for you, ladies.
It's men. We are the root of the problem and deserving of the blame.
Though I am sure there are those of us — that poor Ryan Reynolds or Ryan Gosling look-alike — who must dash between campus security lights when exiting the gym in his Under Armour tank top or endure the humiliation of answering why he chose to go out in skinny jeans to a club after being sexually violated by a gang of sorority sisters, those circumstances are quite … rare.
No, it's quite clear fellas that we are the problem. And the problem does not begin and end at rape, but extends to and permeates throughout the entire sphere of gender issues, from domestic violence to gender pay gaps. Misogyny exists because we, men, either push it or allow it.
There are three ways in which we are most culpable:
1. Most obviously, men are almost exclusively the perpetrators:
Except for a very small number of instances, it is men who are committing the most egregious gender crimes such as rape and domestic abuse, running the companies that are most flagrant in their unequal pay and opportunities, and in nearly every country creating the laws and conditions that keep women disadvantaged.
2. Men have perpetuated a culture around manhood and masculinity that is conducive to misogynist behavior:
Especially relevant to rape, we have defined manhood around sexual "conquests," the who, how, when, and where of sexual intercourse (notice the absence of why). Our virility is becoming increasingly quantitative. This in turn has amplified the pressure on boys and men to "score," or, in the best case scenario, lie or aggrandize about it, in order to secure their rightful place amongst the pantheon of their masculine brethren. You will find this narrative occurring in your local teenage boy's locker room or in nearly any all-male social situation. To coincide with this, we have also effectively stigmatized active positive discourse around women's issues — whether it is by questioning the manhood (there is that word again) of the men who do so or regarding their motives with suspicion. Apparently, it shouldn't matter to us what women think about any of this.
3. Men's contribution to the anti-sexual assault movement has mostly been a passive, or neutral, one:
We don't rape, we don't physically abuse, and we certainly didn't ask to make more for the same work than our female co-worker. Maybe, occasionally, we'll even do so much as "like" a comment on Facebook that supports a woman’s issue. Maybe, during our weekly poker game, when our friend belches out his newest drunken sexual experience with some "random b*tch" (of which he’s also probably bluffing about) we will merely giggle instead of guffaw. And then maybe, afterwards, we will pat ourselves on the back for not being like him. While the neutral measure is obviously necessary given the alternative, it is simply not enough. It is not effective in inducing change.
No longer can we just brush off the actions of the offending fellow male as a purely individual, psychological one (based on the notion that he must just be inherently evil and thus nothing could be done on our end anyways), or rue that biology and history conspired to create, somehow independently of us, a patriarchal, misogynist society that is so prevalent it might be fated or so powerful it can't be changed. Men can't just say "well that’s that," and dust off our hands and put them back on the video game controller while our daughters, wives, sisters, mothers, and friends continue to get raped, abused, persecuted, and repressed. Humanity cannot afford this type of attitude any longer.
Which brings me to the obvious question: Well, what should and can we do that specifically targets men?
For the long term, education around gender needs to be introduced in schools at an early age and extend to the very end of compulsory schooling. Boys need to learn about gender issues around the world and why they should care, that gender roles are not predetermined and do not follow a specific narrative, and how to interact with their female counterparts as equals. Boys need to learn how to be men in the presence of women's issues, not in the absence of them. Later, issues surrounding sex need to be incorporated, especially around the matters of what defines manhood and masculinity. Preferably, these classes would be taught by the world's most testosterone-driven professional wrestler, just to drive the point home. But that's merely a frill.
We also need to alter our conversation when we are around each other because our words and conversations aren't harmless. In fact, the way in which we define ourselves as men and the accompanying roles we take on are very harmful, as they act as influencers for the type of behavior that typically surrounds misogyny.
Lastly, starting today, we need to openly and actively show that we won't stand for rape, we don't tolerate domestic abuse, we can't fathom why our female colleagues are making less than us, etc. The more male faces we can add to the struggle around gender issues, the better. Social pressure needs to be applied to our male counterparts that this is far from normal and far from okay.
I hope that no one will take this simply as a manifestation of "male guilt" or me saying that men are scum. The truth is quite the opposite, as there are many, many more good men out there than bad ones. But I am claiming we are quite unaware and ignorant of our own subtle complicities and roles in regards to the culture we are very much responsible for creating and sustaining, and often do not take accountability in reigning in or stopping the most arrant of our same-sex offenders.
So take this as a call to arms, if you will. For those men who are just tired, and disgusted, and embarrassed, not just as a man but as a human being, every time you hear about another woman who has been raped, or subjugated and persecuted in some other way, know that there is something that we can do about it.
We can begin by pointing the fingers at ourselves, and then act accordingly from there.