Translating human experience into a literary presentation is the art of writing. Writing takes incredible talent, passion, dedication and commitment. The word “writer” has positive connotation, but adding the qualifier “woman” has historically had a different meaning.
For centuries, female writers have given us some of the greatest novels, short stories, poems, and essays ever written, but this recognition didn't come easy for most women. Some used male pen names or remained anonymous so that their works wouldn’t be rejected because they were female. Thanks to the work of progressive female writers who didn't give up hope, women finally have the same rights as men and are being noticed for their talent before their gender. Here are six of the most influential women writers you’ve never heard of.
1. Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar Nelson (1875-1935):
Alice Ruth Moore Dunbar Nelson was a biracial American poet, journalist and political activist. Moore was born in New Orleans and was one of the prominent African Americans involved in the flourishing Harlem Renaissance. Moore graduated from Straight University in 1892 and started work as a teacher in the public school system. In 1984, her diary, which provided insight into the lives of black women facing familal and financial difficulties, was published.
2. Zitkala-Sa (1876-1938):
Zitkala-Sa was a Sioux writer, teacher and political activist. Several of her works addressed the struggles in her youth as she was pulled back and forth between the influences of American culture and her Native American heritage. One of her most famous works, American Indian Stories, showcases the characteristic tension between providing details of her life and delivering a political message in her writing.
3. Bryher (1894-1983):
Bryher was the pen name of the novelist, poet and magazine editor Annie Winifred Ellerman. She was born in England and enrolled in a traditional English boarding school at the age of 14. Her father, John Ellerman, was the richest Englishmen at the time of his death in 1933. Annie's inherited wealth enabled her to give financial support to struggling writers. Her most successful memoirs includes The Heart to Artemis: a Writer's Memoirs (1963) and The Days of Mars: a Memoir, 1940–1946 (1972).
4. Ann Petry (1908-1997):
Anne Petry was an American black author who became the first women writer to sell a million copies on her first novel, The Street, which was published in 1946 and won the Houghton Mifflin Literary Fellowship. Her stories were inspired by the experiences of poor Black people and neglected children in Harlem. Petry graduated from Connecticut College of Pharmacy and began writing stories while working in pharmacy.
5. Nathalia Crane (1913-1998):
Known as “the 12-year-old poet of Brooklyn,” Nathalia Crane became famous after the publication of her first poetry book. Unaware that she was a child, The New York Sun published her poetry when she was only nine years old. Crane is most famous for her book of poetry The Janitor's Boy and her novel The Sunken Garden. She later became a professor of English at San Diego State University.
6. Jean Stafford (1915-1975):
Jean Stafford was a short story writer and novelist, who won the Pulitzer Prize for The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford in 1970. Stafford was born in California and attended the University of Colorado at Boulder. For the academic year 1964-1965, she was a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies of Wesleyan University. Her first novel, Boston Adventure, was a best-seller, but her greatest works were published in The New Yorker and various literary magazines.