5 Political Icons Who Died In 2013

5 Political Icons Who Died In 2013

Earlier this month, the world mourned the death of Nelson Mandela, South Africa's first black president and anti-apartheid leader.

Mandela, undoubtedly left behind a huge legacy. But he isn't the only political icon to die this year: 2013 saw the deaths of politicians who largely impacted politics around the world. The following five leaders managed to make their marks, for the better or worse:

1. Ed Koch

Born Edward Irving Koch in The Bronx, the former New York City mayor passed away on February 1 of congestive heart failure. The long-time Democrat, whose City Hall administration lasted from 1978 to 1989, was widely recognized for his liberal views on LGBTQ rights and his conservative strong-arm tactics in battling urban crime. He teetered across political lines throughout his incumbency, backing the city Health Department's decision to shut down gay bathhouses in 1985 and approving a LGBTQ ordinance for the City Council the following year.

2. Hugo Chávez

Known for championing egalitarianism, social justice and rights for the poor, the former president of Venezuela was the paradigm of post-Cold War Latin American socialism, employing a Bolivarian interpretation of anti-imperialism. Chávez died on March 5 from a massive heart attack – he endured a two-year battle with cancer. Although the former Lieutenant colonel was criticized by conservative opponents for alleged suppression of free speech and mismanagement of the economy, the Venezuelan leader managed to launch one of the largest pan-Latin American public news organizations, TeleSUR, in 2005 while making Venezuela the country in Latin America with the lowest inequality rate in 2012

3. Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher, who was a symbol of British conservatism during her time as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990, died on April 8 from a stroke. Supporters praised her deregulation, privatization and corporate economic policies, while opponents often criticized her repression of workers' rights, trade unions and social welfare programs. A staunch anti-communist, Thatcher aided former American President Ronald Reagan in backing NATO's move to place nuclear missiles in Western Europe to defend against a perceived Soviet invasion. She also facilitated the British navy's decision to reconquer the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) from Argentina in 1982.

4. Võ Nguyên Giáp

Võ Nguyên Giáp was a former General who served the Marxist-Leninist Vietnamese People's Army during the First Indochina (1946-1954) and Vietnam (1960-1975) wars – he died on October 4 at 102 years old. After successfully eradicating French colonial powers from the region, he managed to defeat subsequent American invaders and earned high military recognition following his Tet Offensive. Widely acknowledged as Ho Chi Minh's right-hand man, Giáp also worked as the interior minister of his administration while serving the party's Politburo. 

5. Nelson Mandela

South African revolutionary Nelson Mandela was widely praised for his successful efforts at eliminating apartheid rule from his country after being released from jail in 1994 – he died on December 5 from a respiratory infection. Originally a member of the South African Communist Party and later the democratic socialist African National Congress, he based his platforms of racial equality and economic egalitarianism on his influence from Marxist literature. Mandela spent approximately 27 years in a prison on Robben Island. He was removed from the United States' international terrorism watch list in 2008. 

How much do you trust the information in this article?

Ramiro S. Fúnez

Ramiro is a Honduran-American political journalist, activist and foreign policy analyst earning his Master's degree in Politics at New York University. He graduated from St. John's University with a Bachelor's degree in Journalism. Some of his previous political journalism experience includes work produced for the World Policy Institute, Americas Quarterly, North American Congress on Latin America (NACLA), NY1 News, New York Daily News, El Diario La Prensa, Queens Chronicle, Queens Courier, Queens Tribune and several other media. Ramiro was born and raised in New York City and enjoys writing about and analyzing international politics and foreign affairs.

MORE FROM

‘New York Times’ interview sparks latest wave of GOP frustration with Trump

The President’s “disturbing” comments on Jeff Sessions and Special Counsel Robert Mueller drew sharp rebukes from his own party.

Jordan Edwards’ mother speaks out after Monday’s indictment of the officer who killed her son

“We will not allow Jordan’s death to be another statistic.”

Trump keeps saying he wants to “let Obamacare fail.” How would that happen?

There are several ways the administration could sabotage the law, experts said.

AIDS deaths are almost half of what they were in 2005 — but experts worry Trump could reverse that

Trump's proposed budget cuts could be detrimental for those living with HIV.

OJ Simpson granted parole after nine years in prison

After serving nine years in prison for a 2007 armed robbery, OJ Simpson was granted parole in a unanimous vote on Thursday.

Black Lives Matter activists respond to the police shooting of Justine Damond

“Some white people don’t feel the tragedy until one of them is murdered.”

‘New York Times’ interview sparks latest wave of GOP frustration with Trump

The President’s “disturbing” comments on Jeff Sessions and Special Counsel Robert Mueller drew sharp rebukes from his own party.

Jordan Edwards’ mother speaks out after Monday’s indictment of the officer who killed her son

“We will not allow Jordan’s death to be another statistic.”

Trump keeps saying he wants to “let Obamacare fail.” How would that happen?

There are several ways the administration could sabotage the law, experts said.

AIDS deaths are almost half of what they were in 2005 — but experts worry Trump could reverse that

Trump's proposed budget cuts could be detrimental for those living with HIV.

OJ Simpson granted parole after nine years in prison

After serving nine years in prison for a 2007 armed robbery, OJ Simpson was granted parole in a unanimous vote on Thursday.

Black Lives Matter activists respond to the police shooting of Justine Damond

“Some white people don’t feel the tragedy until one of them is murdered.”