What is it? Alcohol.
Alcohol is responsible for 1 in 10 working-age adult American deaths, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Protection (CDC). From 2006 to 2010, alcohol, the nation's most readily available and legal drug, was one of the leading causes of premature American deaths.
Alcohol-related deaths: "[Alcohol is] the third leading cause [overall] of preventable death," Mandy Stahre, a CDC researcher and leading author on the report, told NBC News. "I don't think it gets as much attention as tobacco which is the leading cause."
But it should.
More than 50% of all alcohol-related deaths were attributed to excessive drinking or "binge-drinking," which is five or more drinks in one sitting for men and four or more for women. According to the study, this type of behaviour cuts American lives short by 30 years.
By the numbers: Diving deeper into the report's findings, the numbers tell a startling tale about the drug's power.
87,798: The nationwide average of binge-drinking related deaths from 2006 to 2010.
75,000: The number of binge-drinking related deaths in America in 2001.
2.5 million years: The total number of potential life years lost because of binge-drinking between 2006 and 2010.
69%: Alcohol-related deaths in adults aged 20-64 caused by binge-drinking.
71%/29%: The split between male and female deaths, respectively, from binge-drinking.
Besides death from binge-drinking, the top three alcohol-related deaths were car crashes (25%), homicides (16%) and falls (15%), reports NBC.
Worldwide, the figures for alcohol-associated deaths are just as shocking. Across the globe, alcohol kills about 3.3 million people every year, which averages out to one person every 10 seconds. And the World Health Organization called alcohol abuse a global pandemic in their May report on the matter.
The CDC's study proposed, "more widespread implementation of interventions recommended by the Community Preventive Services Task Force, including increasing alcohol prices by raising alcohol taxes, enforcing commercial host (dram shop) liability, and regulating alcohol outlet density," as effective methods to curtail excessive alcohol drinking.
The $24 billion wine, beer and liquor industry is providing Americans with a hazardous drug. The CDC's study illustrates that alcohol does not just cause car crashes or create dependencies anymore. The problem is far worse, and far more dangerous, than that.